Pedestrian zone guidance in Manual for Streets 2 (draft):
2.3.12 Advice on this issue is set out in TAL 9/93 'Cycling in Pedestrian Areas'10 . This emphasises that, on the basis of research, there are no real factors to justify excluding cyclists from pedestrianised areas and that cycling can be widely permitted without detriment to pedestrians. This was confirmed by TRL report 583 'Cycling in Vehicle Restricted Areas' (2003)11 which established that cyclists alter their behaviour according to the density of pedestrian traffic by modifying their speed or dismounting. Case studies contained within the report demonstrate that very few collisions actually occur between cyclists and pedestrians. It also showed that as pedestrian flows rise, the incidence of cyclists choosing to push their cycle also rises and those cyclists who continue to ride tend to do so at a lower speed. 2.3.13 The TRL research found that within pedestrianised areas most cyclists and pedestrians favour a marked cycle route. However, such a solution should be approached with caution as it can lead to higher cycle speeds and possibly more serious conflicts. Cyclists are also more likely to be obstructed by straying pedestrians using the defined cycle route and this can itself cause conflict.